Matter Cycles [6 days]

Mass Balance Models page (Chapter 3 pages 79-81)  

Water cycle (chapter 2 ) latent and sensible heat, evaporation (29-30), precipitation , climate zones, cloud formation, rain shadow (page 38), thermal circulation, monsoons (page 34-35)

Long term Carbon Cycle [Chapter 4], chemical weathering and tectonic control [pages, 93-99 and  116-127], volcanic out-gassing [section 4-1], more on Gaia [thermostat page 90 and page 96],  Faint young sun paradox [page 88-90])

Onset of Pleistocene:  Video "Cracking the Ice Ages"

Ice ages  [selections from Chapters 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13  see key terms and review questions]

Regional oceanic circulation  [pages 39-44]  [Chapter 2 key terms Gyres, Gulf stream, California current, North Atlantic drift, Labrador current, upwelling, thermocline, thermohalineflow, salinity, salt rejection, North Atlantic Deep Water, Antarctic Bottom Water, Mediterranean Outflow water, Antarctic Intermediate Water]

Key terms and review questions.

Chapter 2 [ Key Terms:  Hydrological cycle,  Evaporation, precipitation, latent heat, sensible heat, Convection, Dew Point, adiabatic process, Saturation Vapor pressure (density), orographic precipitation, upwelling,  mass balance, accumulation, ablation, calving.  Review Questions  8, 9, 11 ]

Chapter 4 [Key terms: Faint Young Sun paradox, thermostat, Gaia hypothesis, homeostasis, hydrolysis, silicate minerals, dissolution, CO2 balance.  Review questions 6,7,8,9] 

Chapter 5 [Key Terms: Sea Floor Spreading, Gondwana, Pangea, BLAG hypothesis, hot spots, uplift weathering hypothesis.   Review Questions:  9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15 ]

Chapter 8 [ Key terms:  Plane of ecliptic, Tilt, Solstices, Equinoxes, Cardinal Points, Perihelion, Aphelion, Wavelength, Period, Frequency, Amplitude, Modulation, Sine wave, Eccentricity, Axial precession, Precession of ellipse, Precession of equinoxes, Precessional index, insolation.  Review Questions 1-6, & 10]

Chapter 10 [Key terms:  Equilibrium line, Milankovitch theory, Climate point, Ice elevation feedback, Phase lag, Elastic response, Viscous response, Basal slip, Termination, Orbital tuning.     Review Questions 1,2, 4, 5]

Chapter 13 [Key terms: when was the last glacial maximum? Cordilleran Ice Sheet, Laurentide Ice sheet, Scandinavian ice sheet.  Review questions: 1, 3, 5, Describe the Pacific Northwest during the last glacial maximum]